Every hour, the Community user finds a question with at least one answer, but none of the answers have a score greater than 0, and there's been no activity for 30 days or more. To gain exposure, it "bumps" them to the homepage, i.e., the main page of Web Apps, by making a silent edit. (Why it's called "bumping", I don't know. I prefer the similar "nudging", but "bumping" is what gained a foothold in most discussion forums and related sites.)
This activity isn't new; this has been happening for a long time. They've only recently added the text to let you know it's been "bumped". This distinguishes it from other actions which kind of look the same, like a spam answer being auto-deleted. I expect this is to encourage the reader to give the answers a good review and vote accordingly.
As for why the message isn't there any more, I'm sure it's because someone edited a post (either the question or an answer), so that's the reason that the question is appearing high in the list of questions on the home page. (The "bump" message ages away after three days, but it doesn't look that that's what happened here.)
See also: How can we make the purpose of Community "bumping" more obvious?